Recently, there have been significant advances in self-driving cars, which will play key roles in future intelligent transportation systems. In order for these cars to be successfully deployed on real roads, they must be able to drive autonomously along collision-free paths while obeying traffic laws. In contrast to many existing approaches that use pre-built maps of roads and traffic signals, we propose algorithms and systems using Unified Map built with various onboard sensors to detect obstacles, other cars, traffic signs, and pedestrians. The proposed map contains not only the information on real obstacles nearby but also traffic signs and pedestrians as virtual obstacles. Using this map, the path planner can efficiently find paths free from collisions while obeying traffic laws. The proposed algorithms were implemented on a commercial vehicle and successfully validated in various environments, including the 2012 Hyundai Autonomous Ground Vehicle Competition.
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea(NRF) grant funded by the Korea government(MSIP) (No. 2010-0028680).